DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20200180

Prescribing pattern of antibiotics among postoperative patients admitted in gynaecology and obstetrics department of tertiary care hospital in Northern India

Neeta Sawhney, Vineeta Sawhney, Vijay Khajuria

Abstract


Background: The objective of the study was to study the prescribing pattern of the antibiotics in postoperative patients admitted in gynaecology and obstetrics.

Methods: Current prospective observational study was conducted in the department of pharmacology, Government Medical College, Kathua in collaboration with department of gynaecology and obstetrics for a period of six months duration from 1st May 2019 to 31st October 2019. The case sheets of all post operated patients above eighteen years of age admitted were studied and analyzed.

Results: Total of 1807 case sheets were analyzed and showed that 4245 antibiotics were prescribed with an average of 2.3 antibiotics prescribed. Oral cefuroxime (17.3%) was maximally prescribed in patients who delivered normal presentation with episiotomy and injection ceftriaxone along with tinidazole and gentamycin were prescribed (58.4%) where caesarean section was done. While injection ceftriaxone and sulbactum along with tinidazole and gentamycin (17.09%) was prescribed in patients who were operated for gynaecological diseases. Maximum (80%) of the antibiotics were prescribed under brand name.

Conclusions: Cephalosporin’s are commonly prescribed antibiotic and in eighty percent brand names were prescribed. Results underscore that antibiotic in generic name should be encouraged.


Keywords


Antibiotics, Generic drugs, Brand name, Obstetrics and gynaecology

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