DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20194103

Hyperglycaemia lowering activity and hypoglycaemic risk assessment of Sarenta, an Ivorian traditional herbal remedy

Geneviève A. N’guessan Irié, Ange A. Tako, Etienne K. Effo, Landry S. Kouakou, Gisèle N. Siransy Kouakou

Abstract


Background: Diabetes remains a major public health problem for which traditional medicine is a better therapeutic alternative for low-income populations, including African populations. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of Sarenta, an herbal preparation used in Ivorian traditional medicine as anti-diabetic, on hyperglycaemia and on basic glycaemia.

Methods: Hyperglycaemia lowering activity was led in rats receiving glucose at 5 g/kg body weight by gavage after oral pre-treatment with either Sarenta at 125, 206 or 209.5 mg/kg b. wt., either glibenclamide at 10 mg/kg b. wt., or physiological saline solution. Hypoglycaemic risk was assessed by administering the same doses of Sarenta to native i.e. NaCl-treated rats. For both tests, blood glucose was measured before any substance was administered and then every hour for 4 hours.

Results: After 4 hours, Sarenta at 206 mg/kg b. wt. and 209.5 mg/kg b. wt. significantly reduced the induced hyperglycaemia in rats by 33.87% and 37.39%, respectively. The degree of the hyperglycaemia lowering effect of the remedy at these two doses was not significantly different from that of glibenclamide. In addition, Sarenta at 209.5 mg/kg b. wt. resulted in a significant reduction of basic blood sugar to 29.78% four hours after administration.

Conclusions: The remedy Sarenta has a hyperglycaemia lowering activity that could partially justify its traditional use in the treatment of diabetes. However, considering its hypoglycemic effect, precautions should be taken when using this traditional medicine.


Keywords


Plant, Diabetes, Blood glucose

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