DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20184843

Socio-demographic profile of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis patients and its association with severity of adverse drug reactions in DOTS plus centre at tertiary hospital in Himachal Pradesh, India

Anita Kumari, Parveen K. Sharma, Dinesh Kansal, Rekha Bansal, Sumita Kumari

Abstract


Background: Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis has become major public health problem and obstacle to effective control of tuberculosis. Objectives was to study the socio-demographic profile of multi- drug resistant tuberculosis patients and its association with severity of ADR (adverse drug reactions) in DOTS plus centre at tertiary hospital in Himachal Pradesh.

Methods: It was a prospective observational study carried out from November 2012 to October 2013 on multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients after approved from Institutional Ethics Committee.

Results: Out of 104 patients the mean age of patients was 39.9 ±14.26 years. Majority of the patients were in the economically productive age groups. Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis was more in male (76%) than female (24%) and 96% of patients were belonged to rural area. The educational status of the MDR-TB shows 24% patients were illiterate. 63.46% MDR-TB patients were underweight (BMI<18.5%) according to WHO guidelines for obesity. Severity of ADR assessed by Hart wig and Siegel’s scale showed 21% patients experienced mild ADRs, 49% patients had moderate and 17% patients had severe ADRs. Severity of ADR is seen more in male, economically productive age group, subjects on vegetarian diet, patients who were underweight (BMI<18.5%) and with lower educational status.

Conclusions: MDR-TB is a rapidly increasing health problem with major socio-economic and individual consequences. Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis mainly affects middle age that is in the economically productive age group which hampers the social and economic development of individual, society and nation.


Keywords


Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, Severity of adverse drug reactions, Socio-demographic profile

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