Adverse reactions to intravenous iodinated contrast media: a prospective study

Dhruv J. Modi, Darshan K. Mahyavanshi, Jay K. Kotecha, Ashutosh Dave, Harshad Shah

Abstract


Background: Adverse reactions to intravenous iodinated contrast media may be classified as general and organ-specific, such as contrast-induced nephrotoxicity. General adverse reactions may be sub classified into acute and delayed types. Acute general adverse reactions can range from transient minor reactions to life-threatening severe reactions. This study was done to determine clinical adverse effects of the iodinated contrast media.

Methods: Data of 899 consecutive patients at C.U. Shah Medical College and Hospital, Surendranagar, who received sodium meglumine diatrizoate intravenous iodinated contrast media during the period of May 2011 to April 2012, were collected for any adverse drug reactions.

Results: Out of 899, 189 patients developed adverse contrast reactions. The incidences of mild, moderate and severe adverse reactions were 19.47%, 1.33% and 0.28%, respectively. There were no differences in the incidence of adverse reactions according to gender (males 21.1%; females 20.7%; p= >0.05) or age (p= >0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions was significantly higher in patients with a history of previous reactions (50%) than in those with no history (21.25%; p= <0.05).

Conclusions: The skin was the most commonly affected site of reactions. In reactions, mild forms were more common compared to moderate and severe.


Keywords


Adverse Reactions, Intravenous Iodinated Contrast Media, Sodium Meglumine Diatrizoate

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References


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