To Study efficacy and safety of citicoline in acute ischemic stroke

Nipunjot Grewal, Geeta Sharma, Gurinder Mohan, Jaswinder Singh

Abstract


Background: Stroke is a medical emergency with mortality rate higher than most forms of cancer. Acute ischemic stroke is a complex entity with variable clinical manifestations depending on the site and extent of infarction. Besides standard treatment given to the patients, neuroprotection is being targeted to antagonize molecular events that lead to irreversible ischemic injury.

Methods: In this study, role of Citicoline in acute ischemic stroke was studied. It was open label study of 12 weeks duration undertaken in Medicine department (emergency unit) of Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Amritsar. Total 40 patients were randomly divided into Group 1 and Group 2. Group 1 received standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke and Group 2 received citicoline in addition to standard treatment. Patients were assessed at admission and after every 24 hours till hospital discharge. Follow up of the patients was done at three weeks, six weeks and twelve weeks after discharge using National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) and Modified Barthel Index (MBI). The data was statistically analysed using Mann Whitney test.

Results: No significant difference was found between two groups with respect to MRS and MBI score throughout the study period. Statistically significant improvement was seen in citicoline group on NIHSS score by 2nd and 3rd day of admission and then on 12th week.

Conclusions: Citicoline was found to be safe but with no statistically significant difference in treatment outcome between two groups.


Keywords


CDP-choline, Ischemic penumbra, Neuroprotection

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References


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