A prescription event monitoring study to assess safety and health outcomes of Airtec SF® (salmeterol fluticasone propionate combination) in Indian population

Ashok A. Mahashur, K. Korukonda, Vikram Sobti, Amit Bhargava

Abstract


Background: Asthma management has been fraught with several challenges especially for partly or uncontrolled cases. Incremental dosage strategy with salmeterol, fluticasone propionate combination offers stable yet effective control of symptoms preventing further exacerbations. However, there is limited evidence available on the need and safety profile of this incremental dosage strategy with the combination especially in Indian settings. To examine the safety and adverse clinical outcomes of Airtec SF when prescribed in patients with well- or poorly controlled persistent asthma.

Methods: Based on the principle of prescription event monitoring (PEM) for safety reporting, this study was conducted at 20 centers across India. PEM study booklets with study questionnaire were provided to capture information related to adverse “events” during the observation period of 30 days.

Results: Data of 384 patients were analyzed, with a mean age 44.5 years. 39% (n=150) were newly diagnosed and 61% (n=234) being in poorly controlled asthma status (i.e., partly or uncontrolled asthma). Of them, 42% (161), 44% (n=169) and 14% (54) patients were diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe persistent asthma, respectively. These were prescribed with metered-dose inhaler (n=187) or dry powder inhaler (n=197) formulations. 56% (n=216) patients suffered from concomitant allergic rhinitis. Among newly diagnosed patients with moderate to severe asthma dosage were tapered in 5.5% (n=3) cases. Dosage consistency was well-maintained in 98.2% (n=155) among partial or uncontrolled asthmatics with moderate to severe asthma with exacerbation rate of 1.9% (n=3). Adverse events including infective pneumonitis and upper respiratory tract infection were transient with none requiring treatment withdrawal.

Conclusion: Use of Airtec SF was safe and well-tolerated with a negligible rate of exacerbations in Indian population especially amongst poorly controlled asthma patients.


Keywords


Asthma, Obstructive lung disease, Salmeterol, Fluticasone propionate, Prescription event monitoring

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References


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