A study monitoring prescription pattern of antibiotics in a tertiary care hospital in North India

Abhijit Kumar, Pushpawati Jain, Prerna Upadhyaya, Shipra Jain

Abstract


Background: Irrational prescribing of medicine results in serious morbidity and mortality as well as additional economic burden and also lead to reduction in the quality of treatment; thereby causing wastage of resources, increased treatment cost, increased risk for adverse drug reaction, and emergence of resistance. WHO has generated indicators in three main drug use areas; prescribing, patient care, and facility specific factors.

Methods: This study was carried out with the aim of identifying prescription pattern of antibiotics and evaluates the rationality of prescriptions in accordance with WHO prescribing indicators. 300 prescriptions were examined from the inpatient department (IPD) of a tertiary care teaching hospital from the Department of Medicine, Surgery, and Orthopedics. The IPDs were visited twice a week. Each prescription was followed for the duration of 5 days. The prescribing and dispensing details from each prescription were recorded in a tabular form as mentioned in data acquisition form. The data were analyzed as per the WHO core drug use indicators.

Results: This study clearly highlights the practice of polypharmacy, low uses of generic drugs, injudicious usage of antibiotic, and injection and low usage of the drug prescribed from essential drug list.

Conclusions: Multi-faceted interventions are required at many levels for the benefits of the community in the form of continued medical educational programs, consumer awareness, formation of hospital formulary, and undergraduate clinical pharmacology and therapeutics teaching.


Keywords


Rational prescribing, Antibiotic prescribing, WHO prescribing indicators

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References


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