Poster and model competition: a novel interest-generating teaching tool in the subject of pharmacology

Lois James Samuel, Laveena V. Bandodkar, Padmanabh V. Rataboli


Background: The objective of this study was to provide an extrinsic motivation for learning and allow it to translate into intrinsic motivation during the activity. To generate an interest and to have a better understanding of pharmacology by preparing models and posters.

Methods: The present study was carried out among the second year MBBS students. The topic selected was “pharmacotherapy of diabetes mellitus.” A formal announcement was made 30 days in advance. Didactic lectures were taken as per schedule. Ninety-seven students were divided into 18 groups of 5-6 student’s each. Nine groups were allotted to prepare models and nine were allotted to prepare posters. On the assigned day student’s presented their posters and models with enthusiasm. The best three posters and three models were awarded. Feedback forms in the form of questionnaire were given to the students. The students had to grade the answers: 1: little help, 5: extremely helpful. 1-2: low score; 3: medium score; 4,5: high score.

Results: Chi-square test was applied to all answers except eighth. The answers showed Chi-square value more than 9.21 and p<0.01, which is considered statistically significant. As for the eighth answer, 77.7% students scored it 4-5 (high score).The sample size for 1-2 (low score) was only 3: so Chi-square test was not applicable.

Conclusions: The poster model competition did generate an interest in the topic. The students had a new avenue to express themselves and in the process gain more knowledge in an enjoyable manner. Learning is facilitated when students themselves play an important role in the learning process. Poster-model competition can be incorporated as a teaching-learning tool to encourage and motivate students who lack intrinsic motivation.


Poster presentation, Models, Interest, Teaching-learning, Motivation

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